Updated January 17, 2024
Are you worried about your pipes freezing during the winter months in Des Moines, Iowa? Frozen pipes can lead to costly repairs and water damage to your home. It’s important to know what to do if your pipelines do freeze so that you keep a cool head and act quickly to prevent further damage from occurring.
Understanding Why Pipes Freeze
When the temperature drops below freezing, your pipes are at risk of freezing. Certain parts of your plumbing system are more in danger of freezing than others. Exposed pipes are at higher risk, especially those located on exterior walls or in unheated areas. Additionally, pipes located near windows or in areas with drafts are more likely to experience freezing. Identifying and addressing these vulnerabilities is critical to effective prevention.
Areas with little to no insulation can also contribute to frozen pipes. Houses without sufficient heat, vacant homes, or those with poor insulation are at risk of pipes freezing. Having no way to regulate the temperature makes the plumbing system vulnerable in empty homes. Keep the heat on if you go away on a winter vacation to avoid coming home to burst pipes and substantial water damage.
Signs of Frozen Pipes
One of the first signs of frozen pipes is little to no water. If you notice that the water is not flowing as it should, it could be a sign that your pipes are frozen. Another sign of frozen pipes is when you turn on the faucet and only a trickle of water comes out. If you notice any of these other signs, you may likely have frozen pipes:
- Visible frost on pipe exteriors
- A bulge or visible crack in the pipe
- Strange noises when using water fixtures
- Peculiar odors emanating from faucets or drains
Effects of Frozen Pipes
Frozen pipes can cause serious damage to your home. When water freezes, it expands, which can cause the pipes to burst. This can lead to water damage and flooding in your home. Besides the water damage that can occur from a burst pipe, your home could be without water for some time. It may be off for hours while awaiting repairs. This is particularly true if there’s been a winter storm that’s made the roads impassable.
How to Keep Pipes From Freezing
It’s essential to take the necessary precautions, such as insulating your pipes and keeping your home at a consistent temperature, to prevent frozen pipes. By understanding why pipes freeze and taking the necessary steps to prevent it, you can protect your home from the damage caused by frozen pipes.
Insulate Walls and Attics
Ensure that walls and attics are adequately insulated to maintain a warmer environment for pipes running through these spaces. Well-insulated surroundings act as a barrier against the penetrating cold. The two most popular insulation choices are fiberglass blankets and a loose cellulose fill that’s either dumped and raked over the attic floor or blown in.
Apply Pipe Sleeves or Wrap
Insulate exposed pipes with pipe sleeves or wrapping materials. This additional layer helps retain heat within the pipes, reducing the risk of freezing. Pay special attention to pipes in unheated areas, such as basements, crawl spaces, and attics.
Let Faucets Drip
During extremely cold nights, let at least one faucet drip slightly. The continuous flow of water, even at a minimal rate, reduces the likelihood of freezing. This is particularly useful for faucets at the back of the house. Since the main water line enters at the front of the house, a dripping faucet in the back of the house keeps the water flowing through the pipeline.
Keep Cabinet Doors Open
Open cabinet doors under sinks to allow warm air to circulate around the pipes. This is especially helpful for pipes located in kitchens and bathrooms, where warm air from the living space can help prevent freezing.
Pre-set Your Thermostat
Keeping your home well-heated is another way to prevent frozen pipes. When you’re home, keep the temperature at 68 degrees Fahrenheit or above. Likewise, when you leave, set the thermostat at 55 degrees or above. It may seem like wasting money to heat an empty house, but it is necessary to safeguard your plumbing.
If you’re going to be away from home for an extended period, turn off the main water supply and drain the pipes. This will help prevent any water left in the pipes from freezing and causing damage while you are gone.
By following these simple tips, you can prevent your pipes from freezing and avoid costly repairs.
What to Do if Your Pipes Freeze
Despite being proactive and doing your best to stay on top of your plumbing system, sometimes pipes freeze anyway. A sudden cold snap that you weren’t expecting can throw you for a loop. If something like that happens, the first thing you should do is turn off the water supply. This will prevent any further damage from occurring. Next, follow the steps below to thaw your pipes safely.
Locate the Frozen Section
Identifying the specific area where the pipes are frozen is the first step to resolving the issue. This can often be done by feeling for cold spots along exposed pipes or using a thermal imaging device. Knowing the location will help you focus your efforts effectively.
Thaw the Pipes Safely
Once you’ve located the frozen section, you can begin thawing the pipes. Use a hairdryer, portable heater, heat lamp, or heating pad to warm the affected area gently. Avoid using open flames and keep heat at a safe distance from the pipe. Patience is key during this process; rushing can damage the pipes or possibly cause a fire.
Turn the Water Back On
Once the pipes have thawed, you can turn the water supply back on and check for leaks. Turn the faucet handles one or two turns to reintroduce water back into the system slowly. Start with the faucet closest to the point where you detected the frozen pipes. This gradual approach helps prevent sudden pressure surges that could lead to additional stress on the pipes. If you find any leaks, turn the water off again and call for plumbing repair.
When to Call a Professional
If the above steps don’t bring results or the situation escalates, don’t hesitate to call a professional for help. Professional plumbers have the expertise and tools to handle complex freezing issues, ensuring a swift and effective resolution. In some cases, the pipes may need replacing.
Facing frozen pipes can be a daunting experience, but with prompt action and preventive measures, you can get through the winter without plumbing hassles. Contact Golden Rule for fast, friendly service and timely repairs. We offer heating, cooling, plumbing, and electrical services. Call Golden Rule today for furnace maintenance to make sure your pipes don’t freeze this winter in Grimes and the surrounding Des Moines area.
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